Cervical spondylosis is also known as arthritis or osteoarthritis of the neck. Various factors cause neck pain, and with increasing age, the disks and joints in the neck (cervical spine) slowly degenerate.
Cervical spondylosis is age-related wear and tear that causes weakening of the bones and ligaments of the cervical spinal disks present in the neck. More than 85% of the people above the age of 60 are affected by this condition worldwide.
The human spine is made up of 24 bones, called vertebrae, and these bones are connected to create a canal that protects the spinal cord. The seven small vertebras present in the skull base and form the neck comprise the cervical spine. Cervical spondylosis occurs due to degenerative changes that occur in the spine due to aging. The disks dry out and weaken as it loses its water content. This causes the collapse of the disk spaces and loss of disk space height.
This condition responds well to conservative treatment that includes physical therapy or certain medications.
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In many cases, the cervical spondylosis shows no symptoms, but when symptoms occur, this includes the following
The doctor access once medical history, general health and conduct a physical examination of the neck, shoulders, legs, and arms. A number of tests are also performed to look for changes in the following.
The doctor generally presses on the neck, shoulder, and lumbar region and checks for abnormalities in the nerve function, muscle strength, and movement range. The medical history of any accident of the previous injury is also noted.
X-ray shows the alignment of bones dense structures along the neck also reveals the degenerative changes in the cervical spine, such as the presence of bone spurs or the loss of the disc height.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
This technique helps to create an image of the soft body tissue such as nerve, spinal cord, muscles, and disk. The MRI scan helps determine the damage caused to the soft tissues such as the bulging or the herniated disc.
This test helps to view the spinal canal and the presence of bone spurs.
It is a special type of computed tomography scan, and in this procedure a a special dye is administered in the spinal canal, which helps the nerve root and spinal cord show up more clearly.
Other laboratories and blood tests are also performed to determine the major causative agent of the disease.
Depending upon the cause and severity of the condition of pain, the treatment is provided. In the first line of treatment, the doctor prescribes medications, low-intensity physical therapy, and adequate rest.
Physical therapy involves specific exercises that help relieve pain and help strengthen and stretch the muscles. Posture therapy or the use of traction is performed to gently stretch the joints and muscles present in the neck.
Medications are the first phase of treatment in which the doctor recommends certain medications that help to reduce pain and inflammation. Certain anti-inflammatory drug and muscle relaxants are used to treat painful muscle spasms.
The patient is often advised to wear a soft cervical collar in the shape of a padded ring and wrapped around the neck, helps limit neck motion and allows the muscles of the neck to be in a resting position.
Ice, heat therapy, and massages are also described to relieve symptoms.
Steroid injections and anesthetic medication is injected into the space next that covers the spinal cord to relieve neck and arm pain caused due to the herniation of the cervical disk.
Acupuncture is also one of the most popular alternative therapies to treat spondylosis in the initial stage.
TSurgical treatments are recommended when the first line of treatment does not provide satisfactory results. It is also performed when a herniated disc places the spinal nerve or compresses the spinal cord.
Patients suffering from progressive neurological symptoms such as weakness in the arms, numbness in the neck area, or following are more likely to benefit from the surgical treatment. In surgery, the main goal is to remove the areas or sources that have been applying extra pressure to the spinal cord and nerve endings.
The following are certain preventive measures that can help to prevent this condition.
The cost of surgery or treatment depends on various factors like
The cost of cervical spondylosis treatment in India can vary according to the severity of one's condition and also depend on the type of treatment provided.
Dr. Arun Saroha is an expert cervical spondylosis treatment doctor in Delhi with more than 25+ years of experience and has performed many successful cervical spondylosis corrective surgeries. He has performed more than 6,000+ successful surgeries for brain and spinal problems. His surgical skills and using cutting-edge technology help him deliver the patients with excellent outcomes and bring more patients from around the world.
I has swelling and fatigue all over my face, along with stiffness and neck pain. The pain and discomfort affected my daily routine. Dr. Saroha explained to me about the treatment in detail and some changes that I must adapt to cure my condition. Then I went ahead with the treatment, and within three months, the treatment results were outstanding. I am living a healthier, energetic and pain free life.
Cervical spondylosis can cause permanent damage to your spinal cord or nerve roots if they become extremely narrow.
There is no treatment for this form of osteoarthritis, as there is for other types of osteoarthritis. There are, however, ways to alleviate some or all of the symptoms.
Regular exercise can help with mild cervical spondylosis. Even if you have to temporarily change some of your workouts due to neck pain, staying active can help with speed. People who walk regularly have a lower risk of neck and lower back pain.
Bend the back of the head and the rest of the cervical vertebrae when at work, and shake the neck and shoulder muscles as hard as you can. Keep the neck and shoulders warm, and stop putting heavy things on the head or neck. Sleeping with a high pillow and being exhausted is not a good idea.
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