Brain Tumor and its treatment
Brain cancer or brain tumor is a condition in which the brain cells multiply abnormally, uncontrollably, and without any apparent cause. Although the exact cause of cancer is not known, there are some risk factors that have been associated with its occurrence, including exposure to high doses of ionizing radiation and a family history of brain cancer. It is the tenth leading cause of morbidity in India, with mortality rates constantly rising.
The classification of the tumor varies, depending on the location of the tumor and the age and the gender of the patient. Each tumor has different presentation signs with distinct specificities. Nowadays, with the advancement in technology, neurosurgeons can expertly and successfully remove tumors. Neurosurgeons are now using advanced techniques such as Functional MRI, Neuro-Navigation, and Intraoperative Neuromonitoring, Ultrasound, and Fluorescence technology to increase the successful clinical outcomes in tumor resection.
How does Technology affect neurosurgery today?
In today’s world, technology has become an inseparable part of life. Similarly, neurosurgery has also embraced technology with similar gusto. Neurosurgeons are using cutting-edge technology to get more and more efficient at tumor retrieval. They are doing their best to get better than the disease and provide patients with a better diagnosis. While in earlier times neurosurgeons could only remove 50% of the tumor maximum, now they can remove 90%, all thanks to cutting-edge visualization and surgical technologies.
What are the most commonly associated signs of brain tumors?
Some of the most common symptoms of brain tumor are:-
- Headache- People with regular severe headaches should visit a neurologist to further investigate their origin. As brain tumors do not show any physical signs, the patient has to be self-aware and go to a doctor so that they can perform comprehensive tests on the patient to find out they do indeed have a tumor and what is the extent of it.
- Neurological deficits- Some patients may experience neurological deficits such as weakness in the hand or leg, slurring of speech, blurring of vision, seizures, drowsiness or unconsciousness, instead of or in addition to headaches. They must contact a neurosurgeon immediately to confirm the presence of a tumor and what can be done to treat it.
If you have indeed experienced any of the complications mentioned above contact Dr. Arun Saroha today. He is one of the best neurosurgeons in Gurgaon and can adequately and safely guide you in the treatment process.
Dr. Arun Saroha is one such neurosurgeon, with great expertise in brain tumor removal. He is one of the best brain tumor surgeons in Gurgaon. He regularly uses advanced techniques in brain tumor removal and updated his knowledge to keep up with some of the best neurosurgeons in the country. His skill and experience make him one of the best neurosurgeons in Gurgaon.
Some common neurosurgery treatments for brain tumor resection are-
- Awake brain surgery- the surgeon takes a preoperative MRI to determine the location of the tumor and the amount of brain function, such as speech or limb movement, that is being affected by the tumor. The patient is kept awake during tumor removal so that their brain activity can be monitored in real time and the surgeon can stop before causing too much neurological damage.
The patient is kept awake by using enough local anesthesia to not feel the pain and then they are engaged throughout the surgery to monitor the brain function.
- Neuronavigation technology- Neuronavigation is a state-of-the-art technology that helps neurosurgeons by guiding them to the exact location of the tumor without damaging the surrounding areas, just like GPS in cars.
It works by feeding the preoperative brain MRI, CT scan, and other imaging data of the patient into the navigation software. The software then figures out a safe pathway for tumor removal that is short and causes the least amount of damage to the surrounding neurological tissues, increasing the chances of a good outcome.
- Intraoperative Ultrasound- Ultrasound techniques, along with neuronavigation, are used to perform safe brain surgery. This helps the neurosurgeons to better identify the tumor and plan a safe tumor removal surgery. It is performed in real-time so the surgeon is acutely aware of how much tumor is left to be removed.
- Intraoperative Neuromonitoring- During the surgery, the functioning and the non-functioning parts of the brain can be identified using intraoperative neuromonitoring to identify if the tumor is involving any key parts of the brain. It is done in cases where the patient has to be unconscious and awake brain surgery is not possible.
- Intraoperative MRI- Intraoperative MRIs provide real-time brain scan information during the surgery, along with neuronavigation to see how much tumor has been successfully resected and how much is still left.
- Intraoperative Fluorescence technology- Another advanced technique that is currently being used is the administration of intraoperative fluorescent dye to the patient, such that it gets concentrated in the areas of the tumor. This dye can be viewed using specialized microscopes and light filters, which aids in tumor removal. This technique demarcates the line between the tumor and the healthy tissue very clearly.
- Allied Neuro-oncology services- Brain tumor management requires more than just brain surgery. An interdepartmental and multidisciplinary approach has to be followed by introducing adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy, especially in malignant tumors.
This benefits the patient by having a board of doctors and experts in different departments that can get together and discuss the best possible option for treatment in critical cases. It is the best way to provide comprehensive cancer treatment.
Early detection is the key to successful brain surgery. Since there are almost no outward signs of brain cancer, the patient has to be self-aware and come to the neurosurgeons on their own. Dr. Arun Saroha is the best brain tumor Surgeon in Gurgaon, who can help you with the treatment process.