The human spine is strong but complex, and a minor trauma or accident can damage the spine. The spine provides support, strength, and mobility to the human body and serves as the connecting link between the brain and other body organs. A disc is a soft material that is present between the vertebrae.
The human backbone spine is made up of vertebrae (bone) that are layered on top of each other. The discs allow rotation and movement of the vertebrae and do not let the bones to rub into each other. The lumbar vertebrae and discs are present at the lower part of the spinal cord.If the discs in the spine wear and tear, it causes constant backache, and the spinal cord is also not able to function properly. The degeneration of disc causes degenerative disc. In many cases, painkillers, therapy, and medications do not provide satisfactory results, so a disc replacement treatment is recommended to provide a cure.
About 60% to 80% of people experience lower back pain at some point in their lives, and with the help of non-surgical treatment, they are able to cure their concerns. Surgery is recommended when lower back pain is not improving with conservative treatment methods. Lumbar fusion surgery is a type of welding surgery that involves fusing painful vertebrae so that they can heal into a snuggle bone to treat lower back pain.
Some patients cannot achieve good results with this surgery, and the fusion method also prevents normal motion in the spine. In such a case, artificial disc replacement helps cure pain and aims to preserve normal motion. The disc replacement device is a substitute for both the annulus and nucleus and stimulates normal spinal function. Depending upon one's requirement, different disks are designed that function similarly to cure back pain and restore the function of the normal intervertebral disk. People suffering from degenerative disc disease, spinal stenosis, disc replacements, spinal cord injury, and tumors are the best candidate for this treatment.
In the disc replacement surgery, the part of the disc that is pressing the nerve is removed and is replaced with a piece of bone that is harvested from the pelvis area and then sutured with screws and plates. This is known as the fusion technique. The other surgery is artificial disc replacement, in which the affected disc is replaced with an artificial disc.
The following are the symptoms that show that one needs disk replacement surgery.
The ideal candidates for this surgery are people who are not able to achieve relief from non-surgical treatment.
Note- Medical tests are also performed to determine an individual candidacy for the procedure.
To determine one's candidacy for the treatment, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans, X rays, Computed tomography (CT) scans, and Discography are also performed to determine the cause of back pain.
The surgery is performed under general anesthesia, and the procedure takes about 1-2 hours. In the first step of treatment, the diseased disc is removed before the installation of the artificial disc. The surgeon makes an incision in the abdomen area to approach the lower back. This helps to move the organs and blood vessels to the side. This also allows the surgeon to access the spine without moving the nerves. Then the disc space is opened and exposed. Then the problematic disk is removed, and an artificial disk implant is placed in the disk space. For different parts of the vertebrae, the disc prosthesis will differ.
An alternative to disc replacement called disc nucleus replacement is performed often when the outer part of the disc is healthy. In this procedure, the center of the original disc is removed and is replaced by a plastic that absorbs water and swells, and helps fill the cavity of the nucleus.
After surgery, the recovery period can last from 6 to eight weeks.
One can perform light activities after surgery, but it is very important that one avoid activities that cause one to hyperextend their back.
Following are the spinal surgeries that are performed to correct spine related problems. The spine surgeon in Delhi determines the surgery type after proper analysis of one's condition:
If one is suffering from backache and spinal cord problems, consult today with an expert!
The type of treatment provided to an individual depends on several factors like the patient's age, type of concern corrected, and surgery type performed. One must consult with their doctor to know more about the cost, as according to the severity of one's condition, the treatment cost may vary.
Dr. Arun Saroha is one of the Best Doctors for Artificial Disc Replacement in Delhi. With more than 25+ years of experience, he provides the best treatment for back pain and spinal cord condition. He has performed more than 6,000+ successful surgeries for brain and spinal problems. His surgical skills and using cutting-edge technology help him deliver the patients with excellent outcomes and bring more patients from around the world.
Best treatment and results. Thank you doctor for correcting my back and neck pain issues.
Generally, recovery can take up to 3 months but can vary from patient to patient in a few weeks to a few months. The full recovery time after artificial disc replacement depends on the lifestyle you follow and your overall health.
Lumbar disc replacement, which replaces the bottom disc in a similar way to fusion, often has a quicker recovery time.
Disc replacement surgery is a reasonably secure operation, although any surgery entails some risk. You must sign a consent form that outlines the dangers and benefits of the surgery before it can be performed.
If your back pain is caused primarily by one or two discs in your lower spine, lumbar disc replacement surgery may be recommended. There is no major joint disease or spinal nerve compression. You do not seem to be overweight.
My father had to go for disc replacement treatment in Delhi, two years back and had to have two rods implants for support. Dr. Arun is the most empathetic doctor I have come across and he does treatment with affordable disc replacement surgery cost in Delhi even post-surgery till date he keeps on checking my father's progress on the road to recovery and provides guidance as and when needed. Very happy with the support we got from Dr. Arun so far.